Tip #880: I had an epiphany!

“Epiphanies are never convenient, and often arrive too late.” Neal Shusterman

Knowledge was originally the first learning level in Bloom’s Taxonomy. I have believed and taught for many years that this is the only level where lecture is effective.

The first learning level is now Remember instead of Knowledge. Since the Taxonomy is intended to classify learning outcomes, I have finally updated my understanding and descriptions of the six learning levels. Please see what you think.

The first level of learning is to Remember. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they can remember new information, quizzes, questionnaires, question and answer sessions, fill-in-the-blank worksheets, pop ups, mind maps, memory games, peg systems, or tests can be effective.

Note that lecture is not listed here. A lecture is centered on the instructor who is speaking, not on the learners. Unless lecture is augmented by more interactive learner-centered activities, the lecturer has no way to determine if the desired outcome (Remembering) has been achieved.

The second level of learning is to Understand. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they understand the meaning of newly learned information, case study questions, discussions, essays, competitive brainstorming, gallery walks, scavenger hunts, debates, role plays, or games can be effective.

The third level of learning is to Apply. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they can apply new knowledge or skills in new and concrete situations, hands on, application, problem solving, or simulation activities can be effective.

The fourth level of learning is to Analyze. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they can break information or situations down into their component parts, more complex scenarios, case study questions, or role plays can be effective.

The fifth level of learning is to Evaluate. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they can apply criteria to make judgments, even more complex scenarios, case studies, or role plays can be effective.

The sixth and highest level of learning is to Create. If the desired outcome is to have the learners demonstrate that they can draw on everything they have previously learned to create something new, learning activities that encourage brainstorming, problem solving, experimentation, and invention of novel ideas, solutions and/or products can be effective.

Lecture is instructor-centered and all of Bloom’s outcomes are learner-centered. My conclusion and epiphany: Lecture alone is not effective at any learning level.

Question: Do you agree that lecture alone cannot achieve the desired outcomes at any learning level?

Side Note: I want to thank all of you who were kind enough to take last week’s survey regarding the Tips. I appreciate it more than you can know. Based on your responses, my plan is to limit the Tips to approximately 400 words, do my best to provide new information, cover a variety of topics with an emphasis on learning and development, and continue to post weekly.

May your learning be sweet- and safe.

Deborah

#trainingdevelopment #workplacelearning #talentdevelopment #alwayslearning #trainer

Related Posts

Manage Your Holiday Stress Before It Manages You!

Saturday, December 10th from 11 AM to 2:30 PM CST

Over the river to grandmother’s house- we have an idea in our mind about how the holiday should be. But planning, shopping, baking, wrapping gifts, and preparing the house all take a toll. It’s easy to become anxious, worried about creating a perfect, memorable holiday. It doesn’t matter if it’s Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, or some other winter holiday. There are traditions to keep, favorite foods to prepare, and decorations to put up. It’s exhausting.

Then there’s the actual day. You will want everyone to feel happy and get along, but you know that the stress of the day can easily result in overexcited and grumpy grandchildren and irritable adult children. You imagine that all the time and effort you put into creating a lovely day could end up being wasted and unappreciated.

Holidays are supposed to be a joyful time. Let us help you get clear about what is not worth worrying about- and give you practical coping strategies that will help you stay calm when things don’t go the way you want them to go.

Join us for this highly interactive half-day virtual workshop on how to Manage Your Holiday Stress Before It Manages You on Saturday, December 10th from 11 AM to 2:30 PM CST. Your investment is $120. We guarantee that you will have a much less stressful holiday.

It doesn’t have to be difficult to Deal with Difficult People.

In this course you will define the behavioral characteristics and underlying needs of difficult people, assess situations in which you effectively handled a difficult person, review five steps for handling difficult people Laurel & Associates now offers courses through Teachable. Learn at your own pace.
Popular Post

Share This Post