Tip #836:   How to Cultivate Learning

“The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.” Carl Rogers

 It is unfortunate that the old university paradigm of lecturer as expert in the classroom still continues in higher education. Patrick T. Terenzini, Distinguished Professor of Higher Education, Emeritus, at Pennsylvania State University, has reviewed research from the past fifty years on how college affects students. He found that there are six characteristics  that cultivate and promote learning and have nothing to do with lecturers.

Although he is writing about higher education, his conclusions are also valid in the business world and should sound familiar.

According to Terenzini, educationally effective learning experiences:

  1. Involve encounters with challenging ideas or people who have beliefs or perspectives that are significantly different from what the learner believes or can accept. These encounters lead learners to form new ideas or beliefs and adopt a more varied and complex understanding.
  2. Require the learners’ active engagement with the challenge to resolve the tension between old and new ideas. More engagement leads to greater learning.
  3. Occur in supportive environments that stimulate and encourage exploration, examination, experimentation and risk taking, and that accept and even expect failure.
  4. Encourage active, real-world learning through real or simulated problems that do not have a set correct answer or solution. “Experiential approaches are more effective overall and promote such skills as problem identification, critical thinking, evaluating evidence and alternative ideas, and tolerance for ambiguity.”
  5. Involve other people either as peers or mentors who provide the social opportunities for challenging encounters and support for resolving conflict that stem from challenges.
  6. Invite or promote reflection because the learner needs time to assess and adopt new knowledge if there is going to be any positive conceptual or behavioral change

According to Terenzini, effective learning and development requires at least one if not all six characteristics. He feels strongly “…if a current or proposed activity, program or policy has none of the six characteristics, that lack casts doubt on its educational effectiveness and the strength of its claims on people’s time, energy and other resources.”

It’s clear he is promoting all the characteristics. However, when Terezini states that even one of the characteristics will make a positive difference to learning effectiveness, I disagree with his conclusion. Regardless of the delivery approach, if we want to promote behavioral change that sets individuals and their organizations up for success, learners need all six characteristics in place.

Do you agree?

May your learning be sweet- and safe.

Deborah

#learningeffectiveness  #educationaleffectiveness  #experientiallearning

Related Posts

Manage Your Holiday Stress Before It Manages You!

Saturday, December 10th from 11 AM to 2:30 PM CST

Over the river to grandmother’s house- we have an idea in our mind about how the holiday should be. But planning, shopping, baking, wrapping gifts, and preparing the house all take a toll. It’s easy to become anxious, worried about creating a perfect, memorable holiday. It doesn’t matter if it’s Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, or some other winter holiday. There are traditions to keep, favorite foods to prepare, and decorations to put up. It’s exhausting.

Then there’s the actual day. You will want everyone to feel happy and get along, but you know that the stress of the day can easily result in overexcited and grumpy grandchildren and irritable adult children. You imagine that all the time and effort you put into creating a lovely day could end up being wasted and unappreciated.

Holidays are supposed to be a joyful time. Let us help you get clear about what is not worth worrying about- and give you practical coping strategies that will help you stay calm when things don’t go the way you want them to go.

Join us for this highly interactive half-day virtual workshop on how to Manage Your Holiday Stress Before It Manages You on Saturday, December 10th from 11 AM to 2:30 PM CST. Your investment is $120. We guarantee that you will have a much less stressful holiday.

It doesn’t have to be difficult to Deal with Difficult People.

In this course you will define the behavioral characteristics and underlying needs of difficult people, assess situations in which you effectively handled a difficult person, review five steps for handling difficult people Laurel & Associates now offers courses through Teachable. Learn at your own pace.
Popular Post

Share This Post