We are concluding our look at five key categories of adult learning principles, ending with the last two categories. The information that is not in bold print provides an example of the principle in action.
4. Set learners up for success.
a. Adults can learn only a specific amount of information at one time.
A maximum of 5 familiar and meaningful concepts and a maximum of 3 unfamiliar concepts are taught at one time.
b. Adults need to learn rules before they learn exceptions to the rules.
Rules are taught first. Exceptions are not introduced until it is clear that the rules are understood.
c. Adults need to know how one part of the training relates to other parts.
Transitional statements are made that show how different sections of the training relate to each other.
d. Adults have different learning styles that are responsive to different instructional methods.
A variety of instructional methods are used to ensure that visual, aural and kinesthetic learners’ needs are addressed.
5. Let learners apply what they have learned.
a. Adults use a hands on problem solving approach to learning.
There are problem-solving activities that actively engage the learners.
b. Adults want to apply new knowledge and skills immediately.
There are opportunities for participants to immediately apply their new learning in the classroom.
On behalf of Earth Day, here is a wonderful training video created by a teacher that will appeal to a variety of learning styles: http://www.storyofstuff.com/